19,20 Probably one of the most robust predictors out-of lower levels of prejudice are prior knowledge of members of the group under consideration. 21 Both greater volume regarding contact (amounts otherwise number) and more positive contact (quality otherwise favorability) expect far more confident intergroup thinking. 22,23 Also temporary contact is decrease bias up against sexual minorities. 19,twenty two In one analysis in the a single medical college or university, promising lead get in touch with by the delivering gay and lesbian sound system into classroom triggered faster quantities of direct anti-gay attitudes. twenty four Look together with other communities and means that intergroup contact can also be mitigate implicit biases. twenty five According to earlier in the day functions, i hypothesized one both number and favorability out-of past contact create be for the lower levels away from specific and implicit bias.
Empathy is actually another uniform predictor from confident perceptions to your an excellent range of communities. twenty-six There have been two sorts of empathy-cognitive and you can psychological. 27,twenty-eight Cognitive empathy pertains to trying to think about things from another’s perspective (perspective-taking); emotional empathy reflects which have compassionate and you can sympathetic thoughts (empathic question). 29 One another cognitive and you will psychological empathy are going to be counted given that characteristics otherwise says and you can get in touch with confident intergroup attitudes generally. Continue reading “We worried about a couple of functions one to ong medical youngsters-early in the day connection with sexual minorities (contact) and you can thinking-stated empathic inclinations (empathy)”