Understanding the short and long-term pulmonary and neurologic outcomes of neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is important in neonatal care for low-birth-weight infants. Different criteria for BPD may have different associations with long-term outcomes. Currently, two criteria for diagnosing BPD have been proposed by the NIH (2001) and NRN (2019) for preterm infants at a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 36 weeks. We investigated which BPD definition best predicts long-term outcomes. Korean nationwide data for preterm infants born between 24 +0 and < 32 +0 weeks gestation from were collected. For long-term outcomes, severity based on the NRN criteria was significantly related to neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in a univariate analysis after other risk factors were controlled. For the admission rate for respiratory disorder, grade 3 BPD of the NRN criteria had the highest specificity (96%), negative predictive value (86%), and accuracy (83%). For predicting NDI at the 18–24 month follow-up, grade 3 BPD of the NRN criteria had the best specificity (98%), positive (64%) and negative (79%) predictive values, and accuracy (78%) while NIH severe BPD had the highest sensitivity (60%). The NRN definition was more strongly associated with poor 2-year developmental outcomes. BPD diagnosed by NRN definitions might better identify infants at high risk for NDI.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are a primary side-effect in really low birth weight infants (VLBWIs). Much more serious BPD is actually associated with the a greater probability of developmental handicap and you will shorter pulmonary setting step one,dos,3 . The health course of the disease, like the significance of rehospitalization and neurodevelopmental impairment, is a noted matter among parents and you may medical care organization 4 . Finding out how condition severity are of the developmental impede and readmissions can help guide upcoming browse and you will quality improvement efforts to reduce the responsibility associated with the illness.
BPD was outlined by the Northway ainsi que al. 5 more half a century back; yet not, when you look at the 2001, the Federal Institute out of Boy Health (NIH) changed the brand new categorical significance of BPD. Now, inter-cardio variability during the clean air administration and you will nose cannula flow, and the the means to access noninvasive ventilation, can be prejudice the NIH class off BPD presence and you may severity. Continue reading “Effect of your own concept of bronchopulmonary dysplasia on neurodevelopmental consequences”